Cotton Muslin from Bengal
Bengali Muslin is very well known cotton fabric which is woven in the villages of Bengal , Muslin is a cotton fabric of plain weave and a wide variety of range of weights can be woven from very sheer to coarse sheeting , it gets its name from the port town of Masulipatnam . Early Indian Muslin was handwoven of uncommonly delicate handspun yarn , especially in the region of what today is Bangladesh and Indian state of west Bengal .
Jamdani is one of the finest textiles of Bengal in india and Bangladesh for centuries . Jamdani was an art of textile weaving was promoted during the Mughal emperors rule .The traditional art of weaving Jamdani has been declared by UNESCO a intangible cultural heritage of Humanity.
The word Jamdani is of Persian origin , deriving from Jam meaning flower and Dani a vase or a container.The Jamdani weaving tradition is of Bengali origin , it is one of the most time and labour intensive loom weaving , this is a supplementary weft technique of weaving where the artistic motifs are produced by a non structural weft , the standard weft creates a fine sheer fabric while the supplementary weft with the thicker threads adds the intricate patterns to it . each supplementary weft motif is added separately by hand by interlacing the weft threads into the warp with bamboo sticks using individual spools of thread .the result is a myriad of vibrant patterns that appear to foot on a shimmering surface . the weaving technique is that the pattern is not sketched or outlined on the fabric it is drawn on a graph paper and placed underneath the warp .